Climate Action Goals & Metrics for Transportation & Land Use
Vehicle trips account for nearly half of total community-wide emissions. The Climate Action Plan sets the goal of reducing transportation emissions by 33% below 2000 levels by 2020 and 80% by 2050. To say that achieving this target requires significant change is an understatement. Transportation modes such as public transit, walking, and cycling must become the primary means of fulfilling our mobility needs and remaining motor vehicle usage must be far less carbon intensive.
Check out the Climate Action Plan’s goals for transportation and land use. Click on the links below to review our community’s performance to date and to access other relevant resources and information.
Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) reduced by 4% from 2000-2010 while bicycle mode share increased 34% during this same period. Learn more about VMT (pdf).
- Increase green and open spaces
- Increase cycling and walking
- Expand car share and ride sharing
- Increase compact development patterns
- Enhanced public transit
- Increase the usage of low-carbon vehicles
- Green City government transportation options
- Create an effective parking management strategy
Goal 1: Increase green space, open-space, tree planting and local food
Green and open spaces, including city parks and local community gardens, are essential components of Berkeley’s livability, public health, and ecological sustainability.
Goal 2: Increase cycling and walking
Cycling and walking are popular, non-GHG producing forms of transportation in Berkeley. As of 2011, about 17% of employed Berkeley residents commuted to work on foot. About 8% of employed Berkeley residents commute to work by bicycle, over five times the Alameda County average, and nearly nine times the average for the State of California. For more information on cycling and walking in Berkeley please visit the Transportation Division website.
Goal 3: Expand car share and ride sharing
Ridesharing reduces GHG emissions by reducing single-occupancy trips. Car sharing programs reduce GHG emissions because members of car share programs tend to drive less than non-members, and because car share program vehicles tend to be newer and more fuel efficient than the average vehicle.
Goal 4: Increase compact development patterns (especially along transit corridors)
Encouraging sustainable modes of travel such as cycling, walking, and public transit, is fundamentally tied to compact development patterns and the mix of land uses near transit hubs and jobs. For example, evidence shows that people who live near transit drive between 20% and 40% less than those who do not. For more information on the relationship between land use, transportation, and global warming emissions, review Chapter 3 of the Berkeley Climate Action Plan.
Goal 5: Enhanced public transit
Approximately 20% of Berkeley residents use BART or the bus for their work commute. Increasing this percentage, as well as increasing the use of public transit for non-work commute trips, requires working closely with AC Transit, BART and community-based organizations to ensure that fares are affordable, service is reliable and more frequent, more routes are added, and that the safety and comfort of the transit systems are improved. For more information on public transit options in Berkeley please visit the Transportation Division website.
Goal 6: Increase the usage of low-carbon vehicles
Climate Action Plan strategies are designed to remove barriers to increasing the number of electric vehicles and other alternative-fuel vehicles and to ultimately increase the overall fuel efficiency of vehicles owned and operated in Berkeley. See electric vehicle Residential Permit Guide or Commercial Pilot Program to learn more.
Goal 7: Green City government transportation options
The Berkeley City government has an active alternative fuel vehicle program, including electric, natural gas, and bio-diesel vehicles. Berkeley replaced its fleet with City CarShare hybrid-electric and plug-in electric vehicles. In addition, the City is making it easier for City employees to commute by public transit, cycling or walking by supplying employees with AC transit bus passes and pre-tax Commuter Checks. For more information on sustainable employee commute options visit the Transportation Division webpage.
Goal 8: Create an effective parking management strategy
The availability and cost of parking play an important role in affecting driving demand and promoting more sustainable mobility modes such as transit, cycling, and walking. Review Chapter 3 of the Berkeley Climate Action Plan to learn about strategies designed to disincentivize driving - especially single occupancy driving. Review the Transportation Division website to learn more about parking in Berkeley.